The European Court of Justice has ruled that the provisions relating to arbitration between the investor state (including a special tribunal under some free trade agreements) fall within the shared jurisdiction between the European Union and its Member States and that, for this reason, their ratification should be authorised by both the EU and each of the 28 Member States.  The ITC`s Commercial Law Division offers a technical assistance program to improve a country`s legal framework for international trade, resulting in a country-by-country analysis license. The programme is implemented in cooperation with national policy makers, TSIs and the legal and economic world. These include training in multilateral trade agreements, assessing the country`s strengths and weaknesses, and training in the use of the LegaCarta database. Trade Treaties Map is a multilingual web tool that provides information on more than 270 multilateral and trade-related commercial contracts. It was designed primarily to help policy makers and ISTs optimize their country`s legal framework for international trade. But LegaCarta is also a global public good of the ITC, open to all and of particular interest to lawyers, lawyers, law professors, researchers, PhD students and university students. One of LegaCarta`s objectives is to encourage countries to participate in the definition of international trade rules, rather than simply receiving such rules. To this end, the attention of national legal and economic communities should be drawn to the existence and activities of important institutions that shape the rules of international trade. The LegaCarta covers a wide range of trade-related issues (contracts, customs, dispute resolution, environment, finance, good governance, intellectual property, investments, transport and telecommunications), explanations of each instrument, updated ratification tables, country analysis profiles. These rules are overseen by 28 different international organizations.
The ITC has developed a database that is a single point of contact for the more than 750 multilateral trade agreements that are currently effective worldwide. At the country level, the multiplicity of international agreements makes it difficult for policy makers to decide which treaties should be ratified, which contracts should be ignored and which have greater influence on improving the national/regional business environment. The global database contains: a study showed that trade agreements implemented by the EU during the period 1993-2013 “reduced quality-adjusted prices by almost 7%.”  Note: WTO statistics on ATRs are based on notification requirements and not on physical RTA numbers.