However, when verifying publicly available information, the MCC grant does not involve the leasing or transfer of ownership of Sri Lankan land and does not require Sri Lanka to rem pay any of the grant amounts until the agreement is explicitly violated. Nepal was the first South Asian country to qualify for the pact after completing 16 of the 20 political indicators. In September 2017, Secretaries of State Baikuntha Aryal and Jonathan Nash, Chief Executive Officer of the MCC, signed an agreement in Washington in the presence of Gyandera Bahadur Karki, then Minister of Finance, and U.S. Assistant Secretary of State John J Sullivan. The U.S. government has agreed to provide $500 million in grants, while Nepal would provide $130 million for the project, which prioritizes energy and roads. This is the largest grant Nepal has ever received. Since CMC financial assistance must be approved by the U.S. Congress, the U.S.
government expects the same commitment from host countries. That is why most countries ratify the MCC pact through their parliaments. However, their agreements do not say that in the event of a contraction, the provisions of the pact will take precedence over national laws, according to the expert who previously worked for the MCA. The MCC`s project portfolio covers many areas of development, including health care. The MCC recognizes that health is important to its mission to fight poverty and has supported a number of health projects in a number of countries19, including in areas such as HIV/AIDS, family planning and reproductive health, food and other public health, water and sanitation efforts. Together, health and/or water and sanitation were included in 12 pacts and five threshold agreements in 16 countries. With the exception of one of these pacts and threshold agreements, all have been concluded (the growth programme in Sierra Leone remains active). From gJ 2004 to GJ 2018, MCC has committed nearly $1.5 billion for 17 different projects on health and/or water and sanitation (below thresholds and compacts), representing nearly 11% of the total appropriations committed by the CCC. Some $310 million was spent on health-related projects, while $1.182 billion was spent on water and sanitation.20 See Table 2.
The agreement has been at the centre of heated debates and political conflicts in recent months: the president has refused to approve the agreement before the end of his term, a petition of fundamental rights (FR) against the signing of the agreement, which will be filed before the Supreme Court, and even an almost orchestrated protest earlier this week.